A Review of Differential Attainment in Recruitment in the UK Medical Profession Bridging the Gap - Thematic series on Tackling Differential Attainment in Medical Profession 20-21

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Jyothi Srinivas
Akhila Panda
Alison Ferguson
Saman Zaman
Shevonne Matheiken MRCPsych 
Sarthak Bahl
Umakanth R Kempanna
Faisal Hasan MD MRCP
Veeresh Patil
Indranil Chakravorty MBBS PhD FRCP


Differential attainment is the phenomenon where groups of people, in this case, members of the medical profession, experience differences in their achievement based on factors which are beyond their control. There are multiple contributory factors including gender, age, race, ethnicity, socio-economic and disability. The evidence suggests that medical professionals from Black and minority ethnic backgrounds, women, those with a disability, international medical graduates, those from low socioeconomic status and from geographical low participation (in higher education) areas tend to find barriers in every stage of recruitment to medical schools and later during their careers. There is emerging data over the last 5 years (post-2014) of organisations such as General Medical Council, Medical Schools Council and members of the Academy of Royal Colleges that are striving to offer transparency and annual reports which offer the opportunity for reflection and self-assessment.


The British Association of Physicians of Indian Origin has been leading a collaborative initiative with the ‘Alliance for Equality in Healthcare Professions’ to tackle the full range of differential attainment. This collaboration brings multiple stakeholder organisations and grassroots bodies around the table with international experts in reviewing the evidence, the data from focus groups and working to develop tangible, SMART interventions to address these disparities. This review on DA in recruitment is one of six such themes which will constitute the ‘Bridging the Gap’ report due in line with the Silver Jubilee celebrations of BAPIO in September 2021. The report will present evidence-based, consensus on recommendations for action at national, regional and local level and areas for further collaborative research.

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How to Cite
Srinivas, J., Panda, A., Ferguson, A., Zaman, S., Matheiken, S., Bahl, S., Kempanna, U. R., Hasan, F., Patil, V., & Chakravorty, I. (2021). A Review of Differential Attainment in Recruitment in the UK Medical Profession: Bridging the Gap - Thematic series on Tackling Differential Attainment in Medical Profession 20-21. Sushruta Journal of Health Policy & Opinion, 14(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.38192/14.1.12
Author Biographies

Jyothi Srinivas, Miton Keynes University Hospital, Milton Keynes, UK

Consultant Paediatrician

Akhila Panda, University of Buckingham Medical School, UK

MBBS Student

Alison Ferguson, University of Buckingham Medical School, UK

MBBS Student

Saman Zaman, St Georges University Hospitals Foundation Trust, London, UK

Darzi Fellow

ST5 in Dermatology

Shevonne Matheiken MRCPsych , Northamptonshire NHS Foundation Trust, Northampton, UK

Psychiatry Specialist Trainee, Vice-Chair, Psychiatric Trainees Committee, RCPsych

Sarthak Bahl

CT2 Medical Trainee

Umakanth R Kempanna, Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, UK

Consultant Anaesthetist    

Faisal Hasan MD MRCP, Royal United Hospital, Bath, UK

Consultant in Diabetes and Endocrinology   

Indranil Chakravorty MBBS PhD FRCP, St Georges University Hospitals Foundation Trust, London, UK

Consultant Physician & Director of Medical Education

Chair, Bapio Institute for Health Research, Bedford, UK


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